There are many tax scams out there with the purpose of stealing your identity, stealing your money, or filing fraudulent tax returns using your private information.
Tax scammers work year-round, not just during tax season and target virtually everyone. Stay alert to the ways criminals pose as the IRS to trick you out of your money or personal information.
The best thing to remember to protect yourself is that the IRS will never initiate contact with you via telephone, text message, email, or social media to request personal or financial information. The IRS will always first send a letter requesting information.
IRS-Impersonation Telephone Scam
An aggressive and sophisticated telephone scam targeting taxpayers, including recent immigrants, has been making the rounds throughout the country. Callers claim to be employees of the IRS, but are not. These con artists can sound convincing when they call. They use fake names and bogus IRS identification badge numbers. They may know a lot about their targets from information gathered from online resources, and they usually alter the caller ID (caller ID spoofing) to make it look like the IRS is calling. Also, if the phone is not answered, the scammers often leave an urgent callback request.
Victims are often told they owe money to the IRS and it must be paid promptly through a pre-loaded debit card or wire transfer. If the victim refuses to cooperate, they are then threatened with arrest, deportation, or suspension of a business or driver’s license. In many cases, the caller becomes hostile and insulting.
Alternatively, victims may be told they have a refund due to try to trick them into sharing private financial information.
You should note that the IRS will never:
- Call to demand immediate payment, nor will the agency call about taxes owed without first having mailed you a bill.
- Demand that you pay taxes without giving you the opportunity to question or appeal the amount they say you owe.
- Require you to use a specific payment method for your taxes, such as a prepaid debit card.
- Ask for credit, debit card, or PIN numbers over the phone.
- Threaten to bring in local police or other law-enforcement groups to have you arrested for not paying.
What to do. If you receive a phone call from someone claiming to be from the IRS and asking for money, take the following steps:
- Do not provide any information to the caller. Hang up immediately.
- If you know you owe tax, or think you might owe, you should call the IRS at 1-800-829-1040 where you can get help with a payment issue.
- If you know you do not owe any tax, or have no reason to believe that you do, report the incident to TIGTA (Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration) at 1-800-366-4484 or at www.tigta.gov.
- You should also contact the Federal Trade Commission and use the “FTC Complaint Assistant” at www.ftc.gov. When filing the complaint, add “IRS Telephone Scam” to the comments.
Phony IRS Emails—“Phishing”
Scammers copy official IRS letterhead to use in email they send to victims. Emails direct the consumer to a web link that requests personal and financial information, such as Social Security number, bank account, or credit card numbers. The practice of tricking victims into revealing private personal and financial information over the internet is known as “phishing” for information.
The IRS does not notify taxpayers of refunds or payments due via email. Additionally, taxpayers do not have to complete a special form or provide detailed financial information to obtain a refund. Refunds are based on information contained on the federal income tax return filed by the taxpayer. The IRS never asks people for the PIN numbers, passwords, or similar secret access information for their credit card, bank, or other financial accounts.
What to do. If you receive an email from someone claiming to be from the IRS and asking for money, take the following steps:
- Do not reply to the email message.
- Do not give out your personal or financial information over email.
- Do not open any attachments or click on any of the links. They may have a malicious code that will infect your computer.
- Forward the email to the IRS at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Delete the email.
Fake charities. Taxpayers should be on guard against groups masquerading as charitable organizations to attract donations from unsuspecting contributors. Contributors should take a few extra minutes to ensure their hard-earned money goes to legitimate and currently eligible charities. IRS.gov has the tools taxpayers need to check out the status of charitable organizations. Be wary of charities with names that are similar to familiar or nationally known organizations.
Abusive tax shelters. Taxpayers should avoid using abusive tax structures to avoid paying taxes. The IRS is committed to stopping complex tax avoidance schemes and the people who create and sell them. The vast majority of taxpayers pay their fair share, and everyone should be on the lookout for people peddling tax shelters that sound too good to be true. When in doubt, taxpayers should seek an independent opinion regarding complex products they are offered.
Frivolous tax arguments. Taxpayers should avoid using frivolous tax arguments to avoid paying their taxes. Promoters of frivolous schemes encourage taxpayers to make unreasonable and outlandish claims to avoid paying the taxes they owe. These arguments are wrong and have been thrown out of court. While taxpayers have the right to contest their tax liabilities in court, no one has the right to disobey the law or disregard their responsibility to pay taxes. The penalty for filing a frivolous tax return is $5,000.
Ways to Protect Yourself From Scams
There are many precautions you can take to protect yourself from becoming a victim. These include:
- Personal information should not be provided over the phone, through the mail, or on the internet unless the taxpayer initiated the contact or is sure he or she knows with whom he or she is dealing.
- Social Security cards or any documents that include your Social Security number (SSN) or individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) should not be carried around.
- Do not give a business your SSN or ITIN just because they ask—provide it only if required.Financial information should be protected. Do not give out any financial information over the phone or via email.
- Credit reports should be checked yearly.
- You should review your Social Security Administration earnings statements annually.
- Protect personal computers by using firewalls and anti-spam/virus software, updating security patches and changing passwords for internet accounts.
- Report any instances of tax scams to the IRS.